ISSN 2586-0151 (Print)
ISSN 2586-0046 (Online)
Volume 13, Number 2 (2/2017)
Original Article <page. 100-7 >

Stress Coping Strategies and Cognitive Characteristics of Somatic Symptom Perception in Patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Yong Kim, MD1;Jong-Il Park, MD, PhD1,2;Tae-Won Park, MD, PhD1,2;SangKeun Chung, MD, PhD1,2; and Jong-Chul Yang, MD, PhD1,2;

1;Department of Psychiatry, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, 2;Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Instituteof Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea

Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate strategies used to cope with stress and the cognitive characteristics of somatic symptom perception in patients with generalized anxiety disorder(GAD).

Methods : A total of 55 patients meeting DSM-5 criteria for GAD and 55 normal controls were recruited for participation in this study. We evaluated subjects using The Way of Stress Coping Questionnaire (SCQ), Somato-Sensory Amplification Scale (SSAS), Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire (SIQ), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder for 7 Item (GAD-7). We analyzed data using an independent t-test and Pearson's correlation analysis.

Results : In terms of SCQ, GAD patients presented significantly lower scores on seeking social support and higher scores on wishful thinking than normal controls. GAD patients had significantly greater amplification of physical sensation in SSAS and higher scores in physical, psychological interpretation subsets of SIQ than normal controls. GAD-7 scores were positively correlated with physical interpretation scores on SIQ.

Conclusion : Results reveal that patients with GAD have insufficient coping strategies for stress, greater amplification of body sensations, and tendency towards a physical, psychological interpretation of somatic symptoms.

Key words : Generalized anxiety disorder;Stress coping strategy;Somatic symptom perception.

Anxiety and Mood

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