ISSN 2586-0151 (Print)
ISSN 2586-0046 (Online)
Volume 13, Number 2 (2/2017)
Original Article <page. 115-22 >

Developing a Short Form of the Korean version of the Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire-Revised

Hyerim Yun, MD1;Won-Kee Lee, PhD2;Geumye Bae, PhD1;Sang-Won Lee, MD, PhD1;Jungmin Woo, MD, PhD1; and Seunghee Won, MD, PhD1;

1;Department of Psychiatry, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, 2;Medical Research Collaboration Center, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea

Objective : The experiences in close relationships questionnaire-revised (ECR-R) (Fraley, Waller & Brennan, 2000) is a valuable tool for measuring adult attachment, and its Korean version, the ECRR-K (Kim, 2004), is widely used in Korea. However, given its substantial length, this study was aimed to develop and validate a short version of the ECRR-K called the ECRR-K14.

Methods : Two hundred and ninety-four medical students participated in this study in 2016. They completed the ECRR-K, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and the UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS). The study authors applied the Rasch rating scale to check each item's model fit and then performed confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) to test the new scale's validity.

Results : The authors selected seven items each for the anxiety and avoidance subscales, and the ECRR-K14 showed fair to good internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.93 and 0.92 for anxiety and avoidance, respectively). The anxiety subscale showed concurrent validity with the PSS and the RSES while the avoidance subscale showed concurrent validity with the UCLA-LS. The CFAs also demonstrated the validity of the model with a goodness-of-fit index of 0.916.

Conclusion : The ECRR-K14 showed excellent reliability and validity and appears to be a promising instrument for measuring the two attachment dimensions in adults.

Key words : Adult attachment;Experiences in close relationships;Scale;Short form.

Anxiety and Mood

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