ISSN 2586-0151 (Print)
ISSN 2586-0046 (Online)
Volume 14, Number 2 (2/2018)
Original Article <page. 106-11 >

Effects of the Temperament and Character on Depression, Anxiety, and Maternal-Fetal Attachment in High-Risk Pregnant Women

Sang Hyup Jung, MD1;Jin Gon Bae, MD2;Sung Won Jung, MD, PhD1;Min Kyung Kim, MA1;Hee Cheol Kim, MD, PhD1; and Jung Bum Kim, MD, PhD1;

1;Department of Psychiatry, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, 2;Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea

Objective : High-risk pregnant women are exposed to the physical and emotional crisis associate with the condition of high-risk pregnancy, making these women emotionally unstable, exhibiting such conditions as depression and anxiety. The aim of this study was to examine what effects the temperament and character of high-risk pregnant women had on their depression, anxiety, and maternal-fetal attachment.

Methods : A hundred and five high-risk pregnant women were recruited in the maternity ward of the Keimyung University medical center. All subjects were administered a sociodemographic and obstetric questionnaire, Temperament and Character Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory-II, State Trait Anxiety Inventory-State, and Maternal-Fetal Attachment Scale.

Results : First, higher scores on the harm-avoidance scale and lower scores on the self-directedness scale were associated with higher depression scores. Second, higher scores on the harm-avoidance and reward-dependence scale were associated with higher anxiety scores. Lastly, higher scores on the cooperativeness scale were associated with higher maternal-fetal attachment scores.

Conclusion : Temperament and character in high-risk pregnant women were associated with the degree of depression, anxiety, maternal-fetal attachment. Based on these findings, it is suggested that examining temperament and character in advance and screening for vulnerability in pregnant women can help to prevent emotional problems for high-risk pregnant women.


Key words : High-risk pregnancy;Temperament;Character;Depression;Anxiety;Maternal-fetal attachment.

Anxiety and Mood

This Article