ISSN 2586-0151 (Print)
ISSN 2586-0046 (Online)
Volume 15, Number 1 (1/2019)
Original Article <page. 29-34 >

Factors Influencing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Burn Injured Patients : Embitterment, Depression and Meaning in Life

Jihyun Hwang, MA1;Boung Chul Lee, MD, PhD2; and Jeong-Ho Chae, MD, PhD1,3;

1;The Catholic Emotion Research Laboratory, Catholic Biomedical Industrial Institute, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, 2;Department of Psychiatry, Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, 3;Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea

Objective : To determine predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in burn injured patients and evaluate factors for identifying high risk group of PTSD.

Methods : This study examined sixty one patients aged in the range of 19-65 years with burn injuries. All subjects completed self-assessment inventories about PTSD (The PTSD Check List for DSM-5. PCL-5), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, PHQ-9), embitterment (Posttraumatic embitterment disorder self-rating scale, PTED scale) and meaning of life (Meaning in Life Questionnaire, MLQ). Stepwise multiple regression and ROC curve analysis were the tools used for analysis.

Results : The results revealed higher depression, embitterment and lower presence of meaning in life predicted severe PTSD symptoms. ROC analysis indicated PTED scale and PHQ-9 were useful for discriminating high risk group of PTSD.

Conclusion : The present study established that the need to consider embitterment, depression and meaning of life for alleviation and prevention of PTSD symptoms in burn patients.


Key words : Burn injury;Posttraumatic stress disorder;Embitterment;Depression;Meaning in life.

Anxiety and Mood

This Article