ISSN 2586-0151 (Print)
ISSN 2586-0046 (Online)
Volume 15, Number 1 (1/2019)
Original Article <page. 35-44 >

Risk Factors for Stress and Depression in Firefighters : Comparison of Individual and Job Related Factors

Nabin Lee, PhD1;Junghyun Lee, MD, PhD1,2;Jiae Kim, MS1;Kyoungsun Jeon, MS1; and Minyoung Sim, MD, PhD1,2;

1;National Center for Trauma, Seoul, 2;National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea

Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the individual and job related factors as risk factors for mental health of firefighters.

Methods : The data of 202 fire-fighters was analyzed by using a multinomial logistic regression analysis. All participants completed self-reported questionnaires including demographics (sex, age, work duration), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Ways of Coping Checklist, the Colleague related traumatic events, the Korean occupational stress scale, the Korean Perceived Stress Scale-10, and the Beck Depression Inventory. Participants were divided into three groups according to the level of stress and depressive symptom scores: Low Stress-Low Depression (LS-LD), High Stress-Low Depression (HS-LD), and High Stress-High Depression (HS-HD).

Results : A job related factor-organizational injustice-was a significant factor related to HS-LD, while individual factors such as active coping level and childhood trauma experience and a job related factor-difficult physical environment-were significantly associated with HS-HD.

Conclusion : These results imply the need to take both individual and environmental approaches into account when managing the stress and depression of firefighters. More specifically, psycho-education to facilitate active coping strategy and adaptive emotional regulation at the individual level and the improvement of physical work environment of firefighters should be supported.

Key words : Firefighters;Stress;Depression;Risk factors;Logistic regression.

Anxiety and Mood

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