ISSN 2586-0151 (Print)
ISSN 2586-0046 (Online)
Volume 15, Number 2 (2/2019)
Original Article <page. 84-93 >

Relationship between the Characteristics of Occupational Stress and Depression among Local Government Officials

Seonyoung Yoo, PhD1;Dayoung Lee, MD1;Junghyun Lee, MD, PhD1,2;Jiae Kim, MS1;Kyoungsun Jeon, MS1;Do Hoon Kim, MD3; and Minyoung Sim, MD, PhD1;

1;Division of Disaster Mental Health Services, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, 2;Department of Adult Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, 3;Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea

Objective : The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between occupational stress and depression, as it is seen to be corresponding with the work characteristics of local government officials.

Methods : The data of 671 local government officials who participated in this study from July to December 2015 as a part of an occupational stress management program, were analyzed retrospectively in this study. Likewise, the participants completed questionnaires, including a short form of the Korean Occupational Stress Scale (KOSS), and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) the results of which were evaluated and reviewed.

Results : The study noted that the subscales of occupational stress related to depression were varied, according to the work characteristics of the participants, after adjusting for age and job grade. It was found that the participant's variables of job insecurity, lack of reward, organizational system and occupational climate were significantly related to the development of a depressed mood in the participant in a general sense. Notably, the factor of interpersonal conflict was significantly related to depressed mood among the general administrative group; meanwhile, lack of reward in the welfare group and insufficient job control in the technical group were significantly associated with the likelihood of developing a depressed mood in participants reviewed. In the operation and maintenance of facilities group, job insecurity was significantly related with depressed mood, whereas job demand was related more with the incidence of depression in the field work group.

Conclusion : This study revealed that the influence of occupational stress on depression varied according to the occupational characteristics experienced by the participants in the work environment. These findings may be used to enhance the occupational stress management program for local government officials according to their work characteristics, to bring awareness to this issue.

Key words : Occupational stress;Depression;Mental health;Local government officials.

Anxiety and Mood

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