Original Article

대한불안의학회지 (18권1호 26-31)

Associations Between Resilience and Gratitude in Patients With Depression and/or Anxiety Disorders

우울 및 불안장애 환자에서 리질리언스와 감사 성향의 관련성

Jung-Ah Min, MD, PhD1, Won Hee Lee, MD1, Young-Eun Jung, MD, PhD2, Hyeonmi Hong, PhD3, and Jeong-Ho Chae, MD, PhD4

Department of Psychiatry, Cheju Halla General Hospital, Jeju, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Education Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea


Objectives : The levels of resilience and gratitude were examined in psychiatric patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders and compared to those of the general population. In addition, we analyzed the asso- ciations of positive affect, negative affect, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and gratitude on resilience in this patient population.

Methods : The participants included a general population sample (n=155) and psychiatric outpatients with depression and/or anxiety disorders (n=108). All participants completed self-report questionnaires, which in- cluded demographic variables, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Gratitude Questionnaire- Six-Item Form (GQ-6), the Positive Affect Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), and the Hospital Anxiety and De- pression Scale (HADS).

Results : The CD-RISC and GQ-6 scores of patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders were signif- icantly lower than those of the general population. In the patient population, hierarchical regression analysis showed that gratitude was significantly associated with resilience while controlling for a range of demographic and clinical variables.

Conclusions : Patients with depression and/or anxiety disorder generally had lower resilience and grati- tude. Moreover, our findings showed that gratitude could influence the levels of resilience in patients with de- pression and/or anxiety disorders. (Anxiety and Mood 2022;18(1):26-31)


Resilience; Gratitude; Depression; Anxiety disorder.