Original Article

대한불안의학회지 (19권2호 61-68)

Mask-Wearing Behavior After Deregulation of COVID-19 Quarantine Guidelines

COVID-19 방역 지침의 규제 완화 이후 마스크 착용 행위에 대한 심리사회적 요인

Jun-Young Ko , Tae-Won Park, Jong-Chul Yang, Jong-Il Park, Joo-Han Kwon, and SangKeun Chung

Department of Psychiatry, Jeonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Jeonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute Jeonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Department of Psychiatry, Jeonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea


Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between psychosocial factors and the mask-wearing behavior after deregulation of COVID-19 quarantine guidelines among adults in Korea.

Methods : We collected data (345 subjects) from online questionnaire survey. The questionnaire included the Korean version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, the Korean version of fear of COVID-19 Scale, the Korean version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15, Korean versions of the Perceived Stress Scale, and measurement tools adapted from previous studies for COVID-19 risk perception, social stigma, and appearance interest of subjects. We analysed data using SPSS version 23.0 for descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis.

Results : People with cohabitant or mask-wearing tendency before COVID-19 pandemic had a higher rate of mask-wearing than those who were not. Subjects reporting higher level of social stigma (OR=1.154, 95% CI 1.049-1.270) and COVID-19 anxiety (OR=1.072, 95% CI 1.007-1.141) were more likely to report maskwearing behavior.

Conclusions : From the results, appropriate intervention to those who fear social stigma and are anxious to the infectious diseases will be needed. Additionally, providing policies and guidelines that consider cohabitants and offering continuous education with information of disease to the public are also expected to helpful for recovery of daily life from infectious diseases. (Anxiety and Mood 2023;19(2):61-68)


COVID-19; Mask-wearing behavior; Psychosoical factors; COVID-19 anxiety.