Original Article

대한불안의학회지 (19권2호 69-76)

Diagnostic Utility of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form Scales: Distinguishing Social Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, and Major Depressive Disorder

다면적 인성검사 II 재구성판(MMPI-2-RF) 척도의 진단적 유용성: 사회불안장애, 공황장애, 주요우울장애 비교

Haewon Min , Jungae Lee , and Kang-Seob Oh

School of Psychology, Korea University, Seoul, Department of Psychiatry, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Korea


Objectives : This study aimed to find out whether the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scales are useful in distinguishing social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and major depressive disorder

Methods : The study sample included 118 patients: 33 with social anxiety disorder, 53 with major depressive disorder, and 32 with panic disorder. Participants were classified according to the diagnosis indicated on their medical records. MMPI-2-RF scores were derived from MMPI-2 protocols.

Results : The results of multivariate analysis of variance showed that the elevated scales were consistent with the diagnostic and clinical characteristics of each diafnostic group. Logistic regression analyses identified several scales that were useful in differentiating the diagnostic groups. The higher Cognitive Complaints (COG) scale significantly differentiated major depressive disorder from the other groups. The higher Self-Doubt (SFD) scale and Somatic Complaints (RC1) scale were useful in differentiating social anxiety disorder and panic disorder respectively. The lower Cynicism (RC3) scale was also useful in differentiating social anxiety disorder. Other scales that were useful in distinguishing between pairs of groups were also identified.

Conclusions : The results of this study suggest that the MMPI-2-RF scales can be useful for discriminating anxiety disorders. (Anxiety and Mood 2023;19(2):69-76)


MMPI-2-RF; Social anxiety disorder; Panic disorder; Major depressive disorder.