ISSN 2586-0151 (Print) | ISSN 2586-0046 (Online)
대한불안의학회지 (19권2호 100-107)
The Mediating Effects of Interpersonal Problems in the Association Between Depression and Smartphone Addiction Among Preadolescence
전청소년기 우울과 스마트폰 중독 간의 관계에서 대인관계문제의 매개 효과
YeonJoo Nam, Min-Hyuk Kim, Jinhee Lee, Yongseok Seo, and Seongho Min
Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
Objectives : This study aimed to estimate the mediating effect of interpersonal problems in the association
between depression and smartphone addiction among preadolescence. We verified the gender differences and
interpersonal problem subtypes.
Methods : This cross-sectional study obtained data from 674 subjects aged 9-12 years. The questionnaire included the Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Form Version (SAS-SV), the Kovacs’ Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), and the Korea Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (KIIP-SC). We analyzed data using Pearson’s correlation analysis and evaluated the mediating effect of interpersonal problems.
Results : The CDI score showed positive correlations with associated with the SAS-SV and the KIIP. In the total group, the KIIP-PA (Domineering) (b=0.13, 95%CI [0.05, 0.22]), the KIIP-BC (Vindictive)(b=0.07, 95%CI [0.02, 0.14]) and the KIIP-NO (Intrusive) (b=0.07, 95%CI [0.02, 0.13]) significantly mediated the association between the CDI and the SAS-SV. In men, the mediating effect of the KIIP-PA (Domineering) (b=0.20, 95% CI [0.08, 0.35]) was significant. On the other hand, in women, the mediating effect of the KIIP-BC (Vindictive) (b=0.14, 95% CI [0.06, 0.25]) and the KIIP-NO (Intrusive) (b=0.08, 95% CI [0.02, 0.17]) were significant.
Conclusions : Understanding the mediating role of interpersonal problems in the association between depression and smartphone addiction may help find the appropriate intervention target. (Anxiety and Mood 2023;19(2):100-107)
Smartphone; Depression; Interpersonal problem.